Well, it’s been quite a while since the last post, I’ve had very busy days but I have found time to write another part in the series of Making Faces.
On the third day, It was about the most important facial muscles, the way they work and their place on the face. Chris pointed out that there are many many more muscles on our face that allow us to make facial expressions, but he just gave us a small list of the ones that have more influence in each shape we can create with our face. In the end of the class, he let us a brief homework, which was make a map of all of those muscles and draw them in our own face, so we have a direct reference on what muscle does what. Here it is and just below a short description of each one:
Both images are the same, except one has names and a little sketch of where they actually are on the face and the other one is clean, so you can see the face. Some are funny 🙂 and the last one is a relaxed/expressionless face… just to compare.
1- Frontalus: Its function is to rise de eyebrows. It can be pulled in 3 different parts by some people, which let them rise onle one brow.
2- Corrugator Muscle: Located in the globella. It pulls inwards and make the face look angry.
3- Levitor Palpabre: Makes blinking possible. It can be in normal state, relaxed when the eye is closed and tensioned when it shows more eye blanks.
4- Orbicularis Oculi: It is not attached to the skull so it only floats in with the skin, and it works for squinting the eyes.
5- Alaeque Nasi Labius Superiors: It makes wincing faces.
6- Labius Superior: It pulls upside and it can be tensen just one side. When only this muscle is pulling, there’s no deformation on the nose or the bridge of the nose.
7-Zigomatic Mayor: It’s the main smiling muscle. It pulls upwards and to the sides and create a bulge on the cheeks.
8- Boccinator: When eating, it helps to keep the food in the mouth.
9- Triangularis muscles: Make the frown face.
10- Lower Lip Muscle: Makes the SSS sound
11-Mentalis Muscle: Helps to make the frown face by pulling the lower lip.
12- Incisivus Muscle: It makes the kissy face.
13- Risorius Platysma: Creates great tension in the neck and pulls the corners of the mouth down.
14- Orbicularis Oris: Can push out the lips as in “sh” sound, bend the mouth inwards as in “p”, and lip locking and tight lips.
This is a really light description of each muscle but it is best if you see it by yourself in the images or even better, on a mirror by yourself.
If you have any questions, please make them below.